Ahaetulla nasuta Amphiesma stolata Argyrogena fasciolata Banded racer Beer Dev Bergenia ciliata Black Headed Royal Snake Blind Snake Blunt-nosed viper Boiga trigonata Brahminy Worm Snake Braid snake Buff Striped KeelBack | Amphiesma stolatum Calotes versicolor Central Asian Cobra Checkered Keelback CheckeredKeelback Chenab Valley Cobra Common Cat Snake Common Krait| Bungarus caeruleus Common Kukri Common Wolf Snake Conflux Cover Letter Tips Cyrtodactylus himalayanus Daboia russelii Dendrelaphis tristis Dhaman || Rescue Duttaphrynus stomaticus Echis carinatus Egret Elaphe hodgsoni Eryx conicus Eryx johnii Families Flowers Flowers. photography Ganges Gloydius himalayanus Green vine snake Hemidactylus brookii Herpetoreas platyceps Himachal Pradesh Himalayan Bent-toed Gecko Himalayan pit viper Himalayan Ratsnake History Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Indian bullfrog Indian marbled toad Indian python Indian Rat Snake Indian Rat Snake || Rescue III Indian Rat Snake || Rescue IInd Indotyphlops braminus Jan's Cliff racer Kailash Kund (Kablas) Kashmir rock agama Khajuraho Khatron Ke Khiladi Laudakia agrorenisis Laudakia tuberculata Leith's sand snake Lycodon aulicus Macrovipera lebetinus Malabar pit viper Malus pumila Manimahesh : The Jewel bearer Mobile photography Monocled cobra Morchella Myna Naja naja Naja oxiana Nature photographs Oligodon arnensis Oligodon arnensis || Rescue Ophiophagus hannah Photography Pit viper Platyceps rhodorachis Poisnous Psammophis leithii Ptyas mucosa Ptyas mucosa | Rescue Ptyas mucosa || Rescue II Python molurus Red Sand Boa Reptile Rhododendron arboreum Russell's viper Saraswati Snake Bite & First Aid Tips Snake Books Snake World Snakes Snakes & Man Spalerosophis atriceps Sparrow Babies Subaar Nag Surkhanda Devi Temple The Quince: Cydonia oblonga Trimeresurus malabaricus Triveni Sangam Tulips Venomous Viburnum grandiflorum Wolf Snake Yamuna

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827   Kashmir rock agama is a species of lizard that belong to family agamidae which i...

Leith's sand snake | Psammophis leithii Gunther, 1869

Leith's sand snake, Psammophis leithii,

 Leith's sand snake | Psammophis leithii Gunther, 1869

Psammophis leithii is a species of mildly venomous & rear-fanged snake belonging to the Lamprophiidae family which is native to south Asia. It is also known as the Leith's sand snake. The appellation, leithii to this snake is given in honor of Andrew H. Leith, was a physician with the Bombay Sanitary Commission. Currently the species is reported from countries such as Afghanistan, India and Pakistan.

In India it is distributed in Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Delhi, Haryana, UttarKhand, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Maharashtra

Scientific classification
















P. leithii

Binomial name

Psammophis leithii Gunther, 1869



It has rostral broader than deep, visible from above; nostril is between two or three shields, the posterior one is divided into two where internasals are about half the length of prefrontals. On the other hand frontal is narrow & lengthier than its distance from the end of the snout; nearly as long as the parietals; loreal is twice as long as deep; pre-ocular single and in contact with the frontal; and two post-oculars. The temporals may be 1+2 or 2+2. upper labials 8-9, 4-5 or 5-6 enters in the eye; lower labials 5.  The dorsal scales are in 17/17/13-15 in rows at while the ventral scales are 159-188 in number; anal undivided, and the subcaudals are 82-138 in number.

Head elongated, broader than neck covered with smooth scales and snout depressed; body is long, thin, and slenderise having yellowish or pale greyish  color dorsally with black dots or four longitudinal brown stripes which are usually marked with black color at the edges, the outer passing through the eyes. Distinctive ridge are also seen between the top and side of head. Two dark stripes that are found on top dorsals originate from the top of head in forked manner. Upper lips are observed white, lined by black or dark brown streak on both either side of eyes. Eyes are large having rounded pupil. While the ventral side is white, uniform/spotted/marked with grey or olive in the middle, with or without a dark lateral line or series of dots.

Adults of this species may attain a total body length of 3 feet and 3 inches which includes a tail length of about 1 ft. Tails noticed are long, slender and thin having no stripes dorsally or the topmost dark stripes unite and retain few portion of it.

The species is oviparous in nature. Female lays a clutch of 4-10 eggs inside holes, crevices and mounds during summer months.

The serpent has its distribution mainly in grasslands or at places with low shrubs, degrading dry & open scrub-lands. Like all other species in this genus this species also possess mild venom which is not injurious to humans.

It is a diurnal species which also shows some arboreal for basking and foraging activities. Locomotion in these snakes is fast and shows serpentine movement. This species is active in behavior that’s why shows quick response in escaping manner to any foreign movement. The species is observed to take lizards, bird chicks and small rodents as a meal in its range.

It closely resemble to species viz., Psammophis condanarus and Psammophis schokari which are sympatric to it in many parts of deserts which often creates confusion in it identification.


Literature Cited:

Baig, K.J., Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. (2008). Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol., 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here

Boulenger, G.A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London - get paper here

G√ľnther, A. 1869. Report on two collections of Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 500-507 - get paper here

Ingle, M., and Anil, S. (2013) First record of Leith’s Sand Snake (Psammophis leithii, Gunther, 1869) from Sheopur district, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Environment & Animal Conservation, 2 (1): 1-4

Patel, H., and Raju, V. (2019). Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes, 12: 765-777 - get paper here

Psammophis leithii at en.wikipedia.org retrieved on 22 April 2021

Psammophis leithii at reptile-database.reptarium.cz retrieved on 22 March 2021

Saba, A., Shermeen, I., Hira, A., Rimsha, K., and Sehrish, A. (2020). Diversity of amphibians and reptiles in Daphar Forest Sanctuary, district Mandi Bahauddin, Pakistan. Journal of Wildlife and Ecology, 4(1):15-26

Sahi D.N., and Koul, S. (2020). Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here

Saikia, U., Sharma, D.K., and Sharma, R.M. (2007). Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here

Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London.

Wall, F. (1907) Notes on Snakes collected in Fyzabad. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 18: 101-129 - get paper here

Wall, F. (1911) Remarks on a snake collection in the Quetta museum. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 20: 1033-1042 - get paper here

Wall, F. 1907. Extension of the Habitat of the Sand Snake (Psammophis leithii). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 203 - get paper here



Ahaetulla nasuta,1,Amphiesma stolata,1,Argyrogena fasciolata,1,Banded racer,1,Beer Dev,1,Bergenia ciliata,1,Black Headed Royal Snake,1,Blind Snake,1,Blunt-nosed viper,1,Boiga trigonata,1,Brahminy Worm Snake,1,Braid snake,1,Buff Striped KeelBack | Amphiesma stolatum,1,Calotes versicolor,1,Central Asian Cobra,1,Checkered Keelback,1,CheckeredKeelback,1,Chenab Valley,2,Cobra,1,Common Cat Snake,2,Common Krait| Bungarus caeruleus,1,Common Kukri,1,Common Wolf Snake,1,Conflux,1,Cover Letter Tips,1,Cyrtodactylus himalayanus,1,Daboia russelii,1,Dendrelaphis tristis,1,Dhaman || Rescue,1,Duttaphrynus stomaticus,1,Echis carinatus,1,Egret,1,Elaphe hodgsoni,1,Eryx conicus,1,Eryx johnii,1,Families,1,Flowers,3,Flowers. photography,1,Ganges,1,Gloydius himalayanus,1,Green vine snake,1,Hemidactylus brookii,1,Herpetoreas platyceps,1,Himachal Pradesh,1,Himalayan Bent-toed Gecko,1,Himalayan pit viper,1,Himalayan Ratsnake,1,History,1,Hoplobatrachus tigerinus,1,Indian bullfrog,1,Indian marbled toad,1,Indian python,1,Indian Rat Snake,1,Indian Rat Snake || Rescue III,1,Indian Rat Snake || Rescue IInd,1,Indotyphlops braminus,1,Jan's Cliff racer,1,Kailash Kund (Kablas),1,Kashmir rock agama,1,Khajuraho,1,Khatron Ke Khiladi,1,Laudakia agrorenisis,1,Laudakia tuberculata,1,Leith's sand snake,1,Lycodon aulicus,1,Macrovipera lebetinus,1,Malabar pit viper,1,Malus pumila,1,Manimahesh : The Jewel bearer,1,Mobile photography,2,Monocled cobra,1,Morchella,1,Myna,1,Naja naja,1,Naja oxiana,1,Nature photographs,1,Oligodon arnensis,1,Oligodon arnensis || Rescue,1,Ophiophagus hannah,1,Photography,1,Pit viper,2,Platyceps rhodorachis,1,Poisnous,1,Psammophis leithii,1,Ptyas mucosa,2,Ptyas mucosa | Rescue,1,Ptyas mucosa || Rescue II,1,Python molurus,1,Red Sand Boa,1,Reptile,1,Rhododendron arboreum,1,Russell's viper,1,Saraswati,1,Snake Bite & First Aid Tips,1,Snake Books,1,Snake World,1,Snakes,2,Snakes & Man,1,Spalerosophis atriceps,1,Sparrow Babies,1,Subaar Nag,1,Surkhanda Devi Temple,1,The Quince: Cydonia oblonga,1,Trimeresurus malabaricus,1,Triveni Sangam,1,Tulips,1,Venomous,1,Viburnum grandiflorum,1,Wolf Snake,1,Yamuna,1,
PerSonaLife: Leith's sand snake | Psammophis leithii Gunther, 1869
Leith's sand snake | Psammophis leithii Gunther, 1869
Leith's sand snake, Psammophis leithii,
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy