Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827   Kashmir rock agama is a species of lizard that belong to family agamidae which i...

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827

Kashmir rock agama, Laudakia tuberculata

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827 

Kashmir rock agama is a species of lizard that belong to family agamidae which is found in India (West Himalaya, Kashmir, Punjab, Jammu (Doda, Bhaderwah, Rajouri, Batote, Ladakh, & Kishtwar) Uttar Pradesh & Himachal Pradesh), Nepal (Katmandu, Chitlong), Pakistan (North), Afghanistan (East) & China (Tibet).



Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Reptilia
Order:
Squamata
Family:
Agamidae
Genus:
Laudakia
species:
tuberculata
Binomial name
Laudakia tuberculata (Gray, 1827)


Head of the species is observed depressed where snout is longer than the distance of the orbit; nostrils present on the lateral sides just below the canthus rostralis and are slightly tubular. Scales on the upper side of the head are smooth or feebly keeled, occipital is not enlarged but bear a set spine shaped scales on the sides of the head near the ear and on the neck.


Ears are larger in size than the eye-opening & completely exposed. Throats of the individuals are strongly plicate having no gular pouch. Body is depressed having more or less distinct folds on the back; where scales over the sides of neck are minute, somewhat granular, keeled & uniform having scattered enlarged scales around; Scales of the vertebral region are much enlarged, are equal, imbricate, and keeled having a very small sign of a nuchal denticulation. Scales of the ventral sides are smooth which are nearly as large as the scales of the vertebral region. Appendages of the species are strong having compact digits, where the scales over the exterior of the limbs are enlarged having strongly keeled toes; the third & fourth finger of the species is equal or the fourth one may be slightly longer, the fifth figure is extended beyond the first. Tail in these individuals are rounded, greatly depressed towards the base & is covered with moderate sized keeled scales which are arranged in rings. The length of the tail in these specimens is 2 to 3 times longer than the distance of snout to vent.


Males of this species are having large patch of stiffened perianal scales & a blotch of alike scales over the middle of the abdomen. Dorsally olive-brown in color marked with blackish with small tinge of yellowish spots; while during the breeding seasons the throats of male individuals appear blue or black looks like a band. The species is a oviparous lizards which feeds on both plants and insects.

Literature cited:
Acharji, M.N. and Kripalani, M.B. 1952. On a collection of Reptilia and Batrachia from the Kangra and Kulu Valleys, Western Himalayas. Records of Indian Museum, 49 (2): 175-184.

Agarwal, I., Mistry, V.K. and Atreya, R. 2010. A preliminary checklist of reptiles of Eaglenest wildlife Sanctuary, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 17 (2): 81-83.
Ananjeva, N.B., and Tuniev (1994). Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids. Russ. J. Herpetol., 1 (1): 43 - get paper here

Ananjeva, N.B., Xianguang, G.U.O., and Yuezhao W. (2011). Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research, 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here

Bahuguna, A. (2008). Altitudinal variations in morphological characters of Laudakia tuberculata Hardwicke, and Gray, 1827 from western Himalayas (Uttarakhand), India. Russ. J. Herpetol., 15 (3):207-211 - get paper here

Baig, K.J., Philipp, W., Natalia, B. A., and Wolfgang B. (2012). A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology, 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here

Boulenger, G.A. (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London. - get paper here

Boulenger, G.A. (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London. - get paper here

Boulenger, G.A., Annandale, N., Wall, F., and Regan, C.T. (1907). Reports on a collection of batrachia, reptiles and fish from Nepal and the western Himalayas. Lacertilia. Records of the Indian Museum, 1:149—155 - get paper here

Dodsworth, P.T.L. (1913). On the Habits of the Rock Lizard (Agama tuberculata). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 22: 404 - get paper here

Duda, P.L. and Sahi, D.N. 1977. An uptodate checklist of herptiles of Jammu & Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir University Review, 6 (10): 1-7.

Fischer, C.E.C. (1907). Aberration in Scales of regrown tail of Agama tuberculata, Grey. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc,. 18: 208 - get paper here

Gray, J.E. (1834). Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London. - get paper here

G√ľnther, A. (1864). The Reptiles of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. - get paper here

Hardwicke, T., and Gray, J.E. (1827). A synopsis of the species of saurian reptiles, collected in India by Major-General Hardwicke. Zoological Journal, London 3: 213-229 - get paper here

Laudakia tuberculata at reptile-database.reptarium.cz retrieved on 27 December 2018

Laudakia_tuberculata at wikipedia.org retrieved on 27 December 2018
   
Kästle , W., Rai, K. and Schleich, H.H. (2013). FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here

Khan, B., Ahmed, W., Ablimit, A., Fakhri, S., and Ali, H. (2012). Range extension of four highland agamid lizards in Shimshal Pamir, Pakistan. J. Arid Land, 4 (1): 77-84

Kumar, A., Shruti, S., Upma M., and Das, A. (2016). Laudakia tuberculata (Kashmir Rock Agama) Morphological anomaly. Herpetological Review, 47 (2): 300

Manhas, A., Raina, R. and Wanganeo, A. 2018. Observations of Agror Agamas, Laudakia agrorenisis (Stoliczka, 1872) (Sauria: Agamidae) in the Doda District, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Reptiles & Amphibians, 25(1):52-54

Manhas, A., Raina, R. and Wanganeo, A. 2018. Reptilian diversity and their distribution in theDistrict Doda of State Jammu & Kashmir, India. Reptiles & Amphibians, 25 (3):164-169.

Manhas, A., Raina, R., and Wanganeo, A., 2016. An assessment of reptilian diversity and their distribution in Jammu and Kashmir state from Jammu city in northern India: A case study. IJFBS 3: 20-23.

Minton, S.A. Jr. (1966). A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184.

 Murthy, T.S.N. (2010). The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, India.

Murthy, T.S.N. and Sharma, B.D. 1976. A contribution to the Herpetology of Jammu and Kashmir. British Journal of Herpetology, 5: 533-538. 

Murthy, T.S.N. and Sharma, B.D. 1979. Second report on the herpetofauna of Jammu and Kashmir. The snake, 11: 234-241.

Nanhoe, L.M.R., and Ouboter, P.E. (1987). The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen ,(240): 1-105 -get paper here

Sahi, D.N. 1979. A contribution to the herpetology of Jammu and Kashmir. Ph.D. Thesis submitted to University of Jammu (Unpublished).

Sahi, D.N. and Duda, P.L. 1985. A checklist and keys to the amphibians and reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State, India. Bulletin of Chicago Herpetological Society, 20 (3-4): 86-97.

Sahi, D.N. and Duda, P.L. 1986. Affinities and distribution of amphibians and reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir state (India). Bulletin of Chicago Herpetological Society, 21(3-4): 84-88.

Saikia, U., Sharma, D.K., and Sharma, R.M. (2007). Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap, (8): 6-9 - get paper here

Schmidt, K.P. (1926). Amphibians and Reptiles of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser., 12: 167-173 - get paper here

Sindaco, R. and Jeremcenko, V.K. (2008). The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina, Italy. - get paper here

Singh, V., and Banyal, H.S. (2014). First Record of Kashmir Rock Agama (Laudakia tuberculata Hardwicke et Gray, 1827) from Kalatop-Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary, Chamba (Himachal Pradesh), India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (3): 234-236 - get paper here

Smith, M.A. (1935). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London.

Swan, L.W., and Leviton, A.E. (1962). The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci., 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here

Venugopal, P.D. (2010). An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here

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PerSonaLife: Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827
Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827
Kashmir rock agama, Laudakia tuberculata
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