Ahaetulla nasuta Amphiesma stolata Argyrogena fasciolata Banded racer Beer Dev Bergenia ciliata Black Headed Royal Snake Blind Snake Blunt-nosed viper Boiga trigonata Brahminy Worm Snake Braid snake Buff Striped KeelBack | Amphiesma stolatum Calotes versicolor Central Asian Cobra Checkered Keelback CheckeredKeelback Chenab Valley Cobra Common Cat Snake Common Krait| Bungarus caeruleus Common Kukri Common Wolf Snake Conflux Cover Letter Tips Cyrtodactylus himalayanus Daboia russelii Dendrelaphis tristis Dhaman || Rescue Duttaphrynus stomaticus Echis carinatus Egret Elaphe hodgsoni Eryx conicus Eryx johnii Families Flowers Flowers. photography Ganges Gloydius himalayanus Green vine snake Hemidactylus brookii Herpetoreas platyceps Himachal Pradesh Himalayan Bent-toed Gecko Himalayan pit viper Himalayan Ratsnake History Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Indian bullfrog Indian marbled toad Indian python Indian Rat Snake Indian Rat Snake || Rescue III Indian Rat Snake || Rescue IInd Indotyphlops braminus Jan's Cliff racer Kailash Kund (Kablas) Kashmir rock agama Khajuraho Khatron Ke Khiladi Laudakia agrorenisis Laudakia tuberculata Leith's sand snake Lycodon aulicus Macrovipera lebetinus Malabar pit viper Malus pumila Manimahesh : The Jewel bearer Mobile photography Monocled cobra Morchella Myna Naja naja Naja oxiana Nature photographs Oligodon arnensis Oligodon arnensis || Rescue Ophiophagus hannah Photography Pit viper Platyceps rhodorachis Poisnous Psammophis leithii Ptyas mucosa Ptyas mucosa | Rescue Ptyas mucosa || Rescue II Python molurus Red Sand Boa Reptile Rhododendron arboreum Russell's viper Saraswati Snake Bite & First Aid Tips Snake Books Snake World Snakes Snakes & Man Spalerosophis atriceps Sparrow Babies Subaar Nag Surkhanda Devi Temple The Quince: Cydonia oblonga Trimeresurus malabaricus Triveni Sangam Tulips Venomous Viburnum grandiflorum Wolf Snake Yamuna

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827

Kashmir rock agama | Laudakia tuberculata Gray, 1827   Kashmir rock agama is a species of lizard that belong to family agamidae which i...

Monocled cobra| Naja kaouthia Lesson, 1831

Monocled cobra, Naja kaouthia

Naja kaouthia  is a highly venomous snake species & commonly known as monocellate cobra or monocled cobra, native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is found in China, Vietnam, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Bhutan, Thailand, and Myanmar. They are called Monocled cobras on account its “O” shaped hood pattern, which is also denoted as the monocellate hood pattern. 
It is a medium-sized and heavy-bodied snake having elongated cervical ribs that expand to form the hood when they are alarmed.
Naja kaouthia (Image source: reptilesmagazine.com)
 The Monocled cobras have an average length of 3-5 ft but are known to grow up to 7.5 ft. Their body pattern (color) is highly erratic among the individuals depending on the geographically zone. Its head is elliptical in form and a little distinctive from its neck having medium sized eyes with round pupils, and a short rounded snout with large nostrils.
The coloration of dorsal surface in this species may vary from yellow to brown, gray or blackish, with or without frayed or may have clear distinct cross bands. Some snake individuals may be olivaceous to brownish or black over with or without a yellow or orange colored, “O” shaped mark on their hood. On the lower side of hood these snakes have black spot on either side, with one or two black cross-bars on the ventral surface behind it while, rest of the belly is of the same color as the dorsal body but a little faint. As age advances, the snake becomes paler, wherein the adult is brownish or olivaceous.
Scientific classification
Binomial name
Naja kaouthia Lesson, 1831
Conservation status
Least Concern

Scalation in these cobras has 25-31/ 19-21/ 17-15 scales dorsally while on the ventral side they have 164-197 ventral scales and 43-61 subcaudal scales. They also have more than one cuneate scale on either side. The frontal scale is short and quadrangle.
It is an oviparous species of snake where females lay clutch of 16-33 eggs. Incubation periods in this species take about 55-73 days & egg were laid mostly from January-March.
This species has been categorized as Least Concern by IUCN on account of its large distribution, tolerance, and its reported abundance. There are no major threats have been reported about the species so far. It is also listed on CITES Appendix II.
This cobra species is highly adaptable snake species which has adapt to a wide range of habitats, from natural to human-modified environments, at elevations of about 1000 m.asl. These snakes prefer to live places having water resources such as agriculture fields, mangroves, and swamps, but can also be sighted in grasslands, scrublands, and forests.\

Naja kaouthia (Image source: reptile-database.reptarium.cz/)

Naja kaouthia was formerly considered as a subspecies of the Naja naja (Spectacled Cobra). It is mainly a crepuscular or nocturnal terrestrial species of snake, but it shows some arboreal ability if needed. Generally prefer to hide in rodent holes, caves, mounds, piles, cracks, agriculture fields and under fallen wooden logs. They can also be found in scrublands, grasslands, and forests as well as around human settlements. They feed on rodents, small mammals, fish and occasionally other snakes whereas; juveniles take amphibians mostly.
When encountered these snakes prefer to flee at first but if cornered they lift their anterior portions of their bodies, spread their hood, produce hiss sound loudly and try to bite in aggression for defending themselves. It has been recorded recently that some individuals of the monocled cobra have the potential of spitting venom. It contains the neurotoxins in its venom which leads to symptoms such as localized swelling at the bite side, drowsiness, neurological problems (progressive paralysis of the nervous system, respiratory paralysis and death due to asphyxia) and muscle issues (tissue necrosis) in victims after being bitten.

Literature Cited:
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Ahaetulla nasuta,1,Amphiesma stolata,1,Argyrogena fasciolata,1,Banded racer,1,Beer Dev,1,Bergenia ciliata,1,Black Headed Royal Snake,1,Blind Snake,1,Blunt-nosed viper,1,Boiga trigonata,1,Brahminy Worm Snake,1,Braid snake,1,Buff Striped KeelBack | Amphiesma stolatum,1,Calotes versicolor,1,Central Asian Cobra,1,Checkered Keelback,1,CheckeredKeelback,1,Chenab Valley,2,Cobra,1,Common Cat Snake,2,Common Krait| Bungarus caeruleus,1,Common Kukri,1,Common Wolf Snake,1,Conflux,1,Cover Letter Tips,1,Cyrtodactylus himalayanus,1,Daboia russelii,1,Dendrelaphis tristis,1,Dhaman || Rescue,1,Duttaphrynus stomaticus,1,Echis carinatus,1,Egret,1,Elaphe hodgsoni,1,Eryx conicus,1,Eryx johnii,1,Families,1,Flowers,3,Flowers. photography,1,Ganges,1,Gloydius himalayanus,1,Green vine snake,1,Hemidactylus brookii,1,Herpetoreas platyceps,1,Himachal Pradesh,1,Himalayan Bent-toed Gecko,1,Himalayan pit viper,1,Himalayan Ratsnake,1,History,1,Hoplobatrachus tigerinus,1,Indian bullfrog,1,Indian marbled toad,1,Indian python,1,Indian Rat Snake,1,Indian Rat Snake || Rescue III,1,Indian Rat Snake || Rescue IInd,1,Indotyphlops braminus,1,Jan's Cliff racer,1,Kailash Kund (Kablas),1,Kashmir rock agama,1,Khajuraho,1,Khatron Ke Khiladi,1,Laudakia agrorenisis,1,Laudakia tuberculata,1,Leith's sand snake,1,Lycodon aulicus,1,Macrovipera lebetinus,1,Malabar pit viper,1,Malus pumila,1,Manimahesh : The Jewel bearer,1,Mobile photography,2,Monocled cobra,1,Morchella,1,Myna,1,Naja naja,1,Naja oxiana,1,Nature photographs,1,Oligodon arnensis,1,Oligodon arnensis || Rescue,1,Ophiophagus hannah,1,Photography,1,Pit viper,2,Platyceps rhodorachis,1,Poisnous,1,Psammophis leithii,1,Ptyas mucosa,2,Ptyas mucosa | Rescue,1,Ptyas mucosa || Rescue II,1,Python molurus,1,Red Sand Boa,1,Reptile,1,Rhododendron arboreum,1,Russell's viper,1,Saraswati,1,Snake Bite & First Aid Tips,1,Snake Books,1,Snake World,1,Snakes,2,Snakes & Man,1,Spalerosophis atriceps,1,Sparrow Babies,1,Subaar Nag,1,Surkhanda Devi Temple,1,The Quince: Cydonia oblonga,1,Trimeresurus malabaricus,1,Triveni Sangam,1,Tulips,1,Venomous,1,Viburnum grandiflorum,1,Wolf Snake,1,Yamuna,1,
PerSonaLife: Monocled cobra| Naja kaouthia Lesson, 1831
Monocled cobra| Naja kaouthia Lesson, 1831
Monocled cobra, Naja kaouthia
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